Thursday, November 10, 2016

Saints Displaced and Replaced - Sightings (Martin Marty)

As a pastor I've done my share of funerals and memorial services. I've heard it said that the deceased didn't want any services. Just put me in a pine box or cremate me, with no words. The reasoning is that the deceased didn't want to be a bother. Unfortunately, those who remain behind feel the need to be bothered. Martin Marty uses the image of saints to get us to thinking about how we think of and respond to the dead. He uses the time of All Saints to raise the question. Oh, and he addresses how some in the funeral industry are responding to the trend toward cremation -- replacing expensive caskets with expensive urns.  But thanks to Pope Francis, some words of wisdom are shared. Since Marty shared this on Monday, which was Saint Herculanus Day, I should note that you are seeing this on St. Aedh MacBricc Day (there were several choices, but this one stood out!). I'll let you read and respond!  


Saints Displaced and Replaced
By MARTIN E. MARTY   November 7, 2016
Photo credit: torbakhopper/Flickr via Compfight (cc)
Saints are getting pushed around these years, if they are not being forgotten. Jews may not share the Christian belief in the Resurrection and the afterlife of saints, but few faith communities have done more to honor their dead, especially those who led exemplary lives, than do Jews. For Christians, saints are those gifted with “eternal life” thanks to the work of Jesus Christ. Through the ages Christians have set aside days to honor saints, and in Roman Catholicism, at least, they pray to them or through them. Thus, I am writing this on the Day of Saints Zachary and Elizabeth; tomorrow it’s Saint Leonard of Noblac Day, and you will receive this on Saint Herculanus Day. (You can look them up, if you are burning with curiosity about them.)



In general, saints are being demoted or relocated on the calendar of holy days, revised beyond recognition, or just forgotten. “All Saints’ Day,” which includes all of them, was November 1, but only the most faithful of the faithful noticed, since most others were recovering from “All Hallows E’en,” now “Hallowe’en.” Most Protestants this year celebrated the Sunday before All Saints to observe the 499th anniversary of the Reformation. That event remembers the activity of uncanonized friar Martin Luther, who had the great PR sense to attract attention on, yes, All Hallows E’en.

Parenthesis: in Chicago, of course, all other holy events and things were eclipsed by celebrations of the World Series championship won by the Chicago Cubs, who win that award only every 108 years. But back to other holy days…

Thousands upon thousands of Christian parishes are bucking the trend and retrieving something of All Saints, a very deserving and moving tribute. In our own parish there was a pilgrimage on All Souls Saturday to a cemetery, to further our ministries and honor the “faithful departed,” while on Sunday we observed All Saints’ Day, moved up this year due to the Hallowe’en and Cubs ritual days. Pictures of our “departed loved ones” are mounted and honored, though not venerated in church.

The meaning of such honoring is changing in a world increasingly called “pluralist,” “secular,” and “commercial.” The Wall Street Journal Friday noted that “The Funeral Is Reborn in Changing Times.” James R. Hagerty chronicled the changes: “As more Americans choose cremation—often dispensing with the need for caskets, burial plots and dreary rituals—the funeral industry is reinventing itself. The goal: stay relevant and avoid a change in profit.” The owner of a partnership of 50 funeral homes and nine cemeteries has invented a post-liturgical-era event: “We don’t call it a funeral service… We call it a gathering.” Those who lose money with the decline in the use and sales of expensive caskets, because of the huge increase in cremations, win some profits back by peddling very expensive urns, to hold the ashes of loved ones.

These urns are part of the secularizing “boutique” approach to the ashes and dust which Bibles tell believers are in their future. If one cannot handle the dust of the grave, there is comfort to be had, it is reasoned, in the designer urns to be mounted on the mantel at home. The thousands once spent on a funeral with a casket can be partly won back with the “gatherings” and urns.

Wouldn’t you know, Pope Francis, years after the Catholic Church ended its opposition to cremation, announced recently that believers should not hoard the ashes of their beloved or revere them over oceans or in beloved baseball parks. Good old-fashioned liturgical services in a congregation offer consolation and solace, no matter how little they cost or how few can profit as they did in the recent, now receding, past.

Here’s to the Pope for that welcome “saintly” gesture on Saint Herculanus Day.

Resources

- Baptiste, Marie. “Does the Catholic Church Say Anything About Cremation?” Our Everyday Life. Accessed November 5, 2016.

- Hagerty, James R. “Funeral Industry Seeks Ways to Stay Relevant.” The Wall Street Journal. November 3, 2016.

- Graves, Jim. “Changing Catholic Attitudes about Cremation.” The Catholic World Report. November 3, 2012.

- Mathisen, Tyler. “Cremation is the hottest trend in the funeral industry.” NBC News. January 22, 2013.

US Funerals Online. Accessed November 5, 2016.
Author, Martin E. Marty, is the Fairfax M. Cone Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus of the History of Modern Christianity at the University of Chicago Divinity School. His biography, publications, and contact information can be found at www.memarty.com.
Sightings is edited by Brett Colasacco, a PhD candidate in Religion, Literature, and Visual Culture at the University of Chicago Divinity School.
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