Cretan Partisans -- Sightings

 It is now the day after the ten year anniversary of 9-11.  Thus, we enter a new decade.  What will we take with us into the future?  Will we continue to mourn?  [Perhaps].  Will we devise better ways of defending ourselves?  [Perhaps -- I heard the other day that we may not have to take off our shoes in the near future]  But, will we ever learn to put aside our squabbling to join together in the greater good?  [The answer to this is much more uncertain, as squabbling is getting more prominent than ever].  This morning Martin Marty looks to the example of the ancient Cretans for help in this quest!


Cretan Partisans
-- Martin E. Marty

We Americans are not as smart as the ancient Cretans, at least in one very important respect. There were good reasons to ponder their example this weekend during the solemn observances of 9/11 after ten years. Ordinarily the mission of Sightings is to relate signals from current mass media to the concerns of “public religion,” and documenting our column with reference to some article or program. This week we will not be doing so, not because documents are few but because there are so many. I didn’t need “Search” keys or instruments to find a document; the 9/11 signals found me.         
Many of these were loaded with “public religion” meanings, as citizens mourned, argued, expressed resolve, disguised their fears, politicized their reminiscences, and mourned again. We who comment “religiously” in the public realm were supplied on line and in print with ideas for conferences, programs, talks and, yes, sermons. Gathering thoughts about them I found myself using three mental shelves. The one, already mentioned, can be marked “mourning.” Thinking about the hundreds and thousands of lives of victims directly “hit” by the event naturally prompts mourning. We may not have ritualized mourning well, but we mourned.
The second shelf could be labeled “Defense Strategies,” on which most of my sources and I, especially I, are not equipped to make proposals. The empirical situation occasions a “Pretty Well Done” response. Fearful and tentative as we are and have to be, religious or not, in the face of our enemies and crazy people, we can begin responding with a nervous “we’re still here” boast. Yes, nutty individuals have taken a few post 9/11 victims and their presence, along with the threats of malevolent and armed enemies, and they continually cause and will cause us to remain mindful, without prompting, of dangers.
Then there’s the third shelf for sorting responses, and here is where the ancient Cretans come in. I ran across them and the relevance of their obscure record a half century ago when looking up the word “syncretism” for doctoral work, and it has stayed with me ever since. While there are competitive etymological clues, the one which wins derives from Plutarch’s Moralia, and which got a new boost from Erasmus’s Adagia of 1517-18. With Plutarch and Erasmus as back-ups, one can be bold. Plutarch coined synkretismos, referring to the way the always contentious, divided, and warring-among-themselves men of Crete responded when enemies threatened: they forgot about their squabbles and formed the “Cretan federation.” Erasmus quoted himself in a letter, arguing that “Concord is a mighty rampart,” as those squabbling Cretans did when they needed rampart but which many Americans have not yet learned.
Back to 9/11—did you think we left it behind? (We never may!)—w may have learned from it something about how to mourn and to defend, but on “federating” like the Cretans did, we are nowhere. Instead of uniting across the boundaries set by squabblers, citizens squabble more. Yes, there are interfaith and ecumenical movements, but every church, synagogue, and mosque I know is doing anything but find “concord.” Name one denomination—can you?—that is not threatened by partisanship from within. Now ponder partisanship: Can you remember or do you know of any decade more torn apart by actions and factions among and within parties—care for tea?—than our ten years have seen? Cretans, Plutarch, Erasmus: note that we are slow learners!

Martin E. Marty's biography, publications, and contact information can be found at


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Sightings comes from the Martin Marty Center at the University of Chicago Divinity School.


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