Wednesday, January 07, 2015

Exceptionalism -- Sightings (Martin Marty)

Everyone likes to think that they are exceptional or part of something exceptional.  Americans tend to think of their country (my country) as being exceptional.  Why is that?  What should we make of it?  Martin Marty interacts with an essay by William Galston at the Wall Street Journal that suggests that at the heart of this sense of exceptionalism is Christianity.  It's not because it is state established, but because it is chosen.  Marty note that part of the conversation however is the navigation between religious and secular concerns, and the ability to listen to all sides.  I invite you to read and consider and offer your thoughts.


Monday | Jan 5 2015
                                                                                                              Image: Maria Dryfhout / Shutterstock
Flashback: 75-plus years ago, growing up in Nebraska, my friends and I looked for something that might give us any kind of bragging rights. We were envious of California, New York, etc. for being Number One in so many rankings, which left us out. As I recall, we did eventually find that the Cornhusker State was the leading grower of alfalfa! But boasting about this did not impress even the neighbor Dakotans.

I share this story to remind myself and readers of the natural human impulse to find one’s self and one’s allegiances to be, if not superior to all others, then at least somehow exceptional. The allegiance to the United States as being “exceptional,” for example, is exceptional.

Such thoughts came to mind as I read the significant column by William A. Galston, a tried and true “public intellectual” who has an eye and ear for religious elements in our public life. Case in point: he ended 2014 with a Wall Street Journal column (Dec. 30) on “The Christian Heart of American Exceptionalism.” He tries truly to treat the topic without bragging or boasting, and suggests why this topic should interest also the large non- and other-than-Christian readership and citizenry.

Galston frames his main point by referencing the many polls, surveys, and informed observations, which reveal remarkable survivals and expressions of not only “religious” but specifically Christian beliefs. He is so specific that he does not rest content to describe us merely as “spiritual people” capable of experiencing awe. He goes so far as to cite some elements of what Danish philosopher Soren Kierkegaard dubbed “the scandal of Christianity.” Galston concentrates on the scandalous elements associated with the Christmas season just past: Jesus’ virgin birth, in a stable, heralded by an angel to shepherds, gifts borne by “wise men” from the east, guided by a star: “Fully 65% of Americans believe all four of these . . .”

Galston knows that not all will regard these as essentials of faith, think that they are central to the shaping of nations “post-Christendom,” or that secular ideas and forces lack a place in the republic. Indeed, he accounts, in part, for the place of Christianity in American exceptionalism contra e.g. Western Europe, where Christian powers were privileged or even established by law. Here in the US they have not been privileged precisely because they were not Constitutionally-favored.

At this point Galston gets to the civil point, one that is appropriate to recall in this season and a time when, as often before, some probably well-intentioned republic-an people and movements want to counter and destroy our unstable but creative covenant which makes room for secular and religious appeals and agencies alike.

Just as some measure of self-esteem—a word that, alas(!) can lean toward destructive self-idolatry in personal life—has a modest place in daily life, locating and defining assets to counter-balance liabilities and negatives in public life can help citizens find reasons to invest in causes to celebrate and to motivate their work for the common good.

Galston, measured as usual, gives advice to our currently hyper-polarized parties: “A political party that wants to build a durable majority should listen to both sides [in the contests over the role of government] and seek policies that acknowledge the legitimacy of their concerns.” If they do, they will be “exceptional” exemplars and mentors in our time of confusion and noisy and noisome confrontations.


Galston, William A. “The Christian Heart of American Exceptionalism: Democrats Should Take Note: Religious Belief in Strong in the U.S., and It Cuts Across Party Lines.” Wall Street Journal, December 30, 2014, Opinion Politics & Ideas.

Image: Maria Dryfhout / Shutterstock.

To read previous issues of Sightings, visit
Author, Martin E. Marty, is the Fairfax M. Cone Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus of the History of Modern Christianity at the University of Chicago Divinity School. His biography, publications, and contact information can be found at

To comment, email the Editor, Myriam Renaud, at
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