Prayer Rattles Speaker Ryan, but House Chaplain Gets to Stay in Politics -- Sightings (Martin Marty)

Last week there was quite a ruckus centered around the firing and then re-hiring of the chaplain to the House of Representatives, who happens to be a Jesuit, and apparently said a prayer that got the Speaker of the House and some of his friends upset. The focus of the prayer was the tax bill under consideration. As is often the case in such things, everything got really messy, really quick. Statements were made that seemed to be anti-Catholic, and that didn't go over well with some. Martin Marty points us to a few places that might help us make sense of things. But at the root of the issue is the intersection of religion and politics in America. While many want something clear cut, nothing about the church-state relationship in America is clear-cut. There are protections of religious freedom, but also expressions of civil religion. The very presence of chaplains in Congress is a reminder of the ambiguities that the founders left us with -- so take a read and ponder where we go from here.


                                                                                               
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Prayer Rattles Speaker Ryan, but House Chaplain Gets to Stay in Politics
By MARTIN E. MARTY   May 7, 2018
Left: U.S. Speaker of the House Paul Ryan; Right: House Chaplain the Rev. Patrick Conroy, S.J.
Yawn, if you will. A chaplain, usually seen as a quiet fixture in the house—in this case, the House, whose occupants legislate in Washington—was mentioned in headlines last week. Easily overlooked in his clerical gear, he usually stays out of the news by quietly performing his duties. But now, suddenly, citizens began to read headings such as “Firing/rehiring of House chaplain about far more than 1 person’s job” or “House chaplain retracts resignation, and Speaker Ryan lets him remain in post” or “Ryan Reinstates House Chaplain After Priest Decided to Fight Dismissal,” all of which shouted for attention.



Question: what action or blast by U.S. House Chaplain the Rev. Patrick Conroy, S.J., could have caused such a stir?

Answer: he prayed. Praying is what chaplains, especially House and Senate chaplains, do. Did he utter blasphemies or heresies? Hardly. Conroy had prayed that lawmakers would “guarantee that there are not winners and losers under new tax laws, but benefits balanced and shared by all Americans.” Oh-oh! Speaker Paul Ryan, also a Catholic, muscled in, according to Conroy, saying: “Padre, you just got to stay out of politics.” Then he fired the chaplain.

Let’s play the game, and go along. Yes, padre was in politics, embodied that day in the House and being exercised continually by conscientious legislators, those who voted for them, and those who are affected by their actions. In a republic, such as ours, being “in” politics is inescapable. It is often said that when something is up for decision, as something always is, “not to take a stand is to take a stand.” Jehovah’s Witnesses may think that they are, if not above, then at least apart from, the frays of politics, but they are as busy as voters and other citizens in civil society.

What was at issue with the Speaker and, no doubt, with millions who would side with him that day, was not the chaplain’s being in politics, but rather, his seeming to take a stand that would alienate many. Was the chaplain betraying his calling? He could cite chapter and verse in the Bible, in Catholic social theology, and in the Jesuit tradition for backing. He could also try to show how pursuing the assurance that “benefits” of tax plans would be “balanced and shared” by all citizens was in place. How to assure that is, of course, a complex matter, but his prayer was not laying out a legislative program. That is something legislators on all sides have to deal with.

After a conflict like last week’s, thoughtful citizens look for a better way. Some say “abolish the chaplaincy,” and all will be balanced and shared. Or: “remove religious discourse and contention from the political scene.” Or: “remove religion.” The founders did well by not proposing a neat solution for how to deal with religion or religions, but establishing where religious institutions are subordinated to the political in political doings. Subordinated, yes, though they are “ordinated”—they have their ever-shifting places in our inescapable political order.

Somehow the padre and his fellow Catholic, Speaker Ryan, eventually came to terms such that the delicate discourses and contentions in that political order can continue to make their respective contributions to the common good, potentially even in “shared” and “balanced” ways.

Resources

- Roberts, Cokie, and Steven V. Roberts. “U.S. House says ‘No Catholic Need Apply’ to be next chaplain.” Chicago Sun-Times. May 3, 2018. [Ed. Note: This article appeared in the May 4 print edition under the headline, “Firing/rehiring of House chaplain about far more than 1 person’s job.”]

- Shesgreen, Deirde. “House chaplain retracts resignation, and Speaker Ryan lets him remain in post.” USA TODAY. May 3, 2018.

- Stolberg, Sheryl Gay, and Elizabeth Dias. “Ryan Reinstates House Chaplain After Priest Decided to Fight Dismissal.” The New York Times. May 3, 2018.

- Taylor, Andrew. “House chaplain wins job back after scalding letter to Ryan.” Associated Press. May 3, 2018.
Author, Martin E. Marty (PhD’56), is the Fairfax M. Cone Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus of the History of Modern Christianity at the University of Chicago Divinity School. His biography, publications, and contact information can be found at www.memarty.com.
Sightings is edited by Brett Colasacco (AB'07, MDiv'10), a doctoral candidate in Religion, Literature, and Visual Culture at the University of Chicago Divinity School.
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We are interested in 500-1000 word pieces relating to religion in the modern world. Most of our pieces respond to a news item, placing the event or trend in context of its history and other relevant background, and analyzing its media coverage.

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