Wednesday, June 28, 2017

Pastors and Political Choice -- Sightings (Martin Marty)

I had seen the headline referenced by Martin Marty in the column for this week. I had also see the chart, in which the majority of clergy in my denomination are aligned with the Democratic Party. I also know from personal experience that members of our congregations spread out across the political spectrum. I am, as many will expect, am aligned with the Democratic Party (I switched during seminary -- Fuller -- because it more closely aligned with my emerging values. However, members of my congregation spread across the spectrum. Some are well to my left and some well to my right, with most hanging in the middle somewhere. I know from my observations of Facebook, where folks stand. As I read the essay, I wonder if, at least clergy-wise, we're more divided politically than theologically? Just a thought? I invite you to read, ponder, and share your thoughts.

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Pastors and Political Choice
By MARTIN E. MARTY   June 26, 2017
Pastor Tom Anderson and then-Governor Mike Pence speaking with supporters at a campaign rally and service at the Living Word Bible Church in Mesa, Arizona. | Credit: Gage Skidmore/Flickr (cc)
 “Your Rabbi? Probably a Democrat. Your Baptist Pastor? Probably a Republican. Your Priest? Who Knows.” This grabbing headline atop a recent New York Times story by Kevin Quealy promised a splashing wade into the controversial waters marked “politics and religion.” Quealy pondered and promoted the findings of Eitan D. Hersh, a Yale professor, and Gabrielle Malina, a Harvard graduate student, which had to do with how pastors and other religious leaders line up along the U.S. political spectrum. The Times published a tantalizing party-choice graph which probably surprised few who keep up with the subject, but confirmed what many had casually surmised. Note: some have criticized the released paper for not being peer reviewed; others have critiqued certain aspects of the authors’ methodology. But, here goes, a bit cautiously…



The graph illustrated what percentage of clergy in specific denominations and other religious groups are manifestly associated with one of two specific parties. Firmly in line with the Democratic Party are leaders of Reform Judaism, the African Methodist Episcopal Church, Unitarian Universalism, and Conservative Judaism. Next come the “mainline Protestant” clergy—from the United Church of Christ, Episcopalianism, the Evangelical Lutheran Church in America, Presbyterianism, the American Baptist Churches, Methodism, etc. Roman Catholic clergy are approximately evenly divided between the Democratic and Republican Parties. Least aligned with the Democrats are four groups: the Evangelical Free Church of America, Fundamentalist Baptists, and the Missouri and Wisconsin Synod Lutherans. Meanwhile, the most strongly Republican clergy are among the Brethren, the Evangelical Church, Independent Baptists, and the Churches of God General Conference.

The researchers are aware of the limits of their survey acts and instruments, and are rather modest in their conclusions. We advise those with special interest to download and read their 32-page article, as many apparently casual discoveries and observations deserve careful study and discussion. Hersh and Malina are alert to the complex factors that go into church practice, e.g., that “[o]ne’s choice of church today might be less a decision about faith and theology than about marriage, social relations, and geography,” thanks to increases in population, mobility, intermarriage, and the like.

However much declines in membership and the power of denominations and similar religious structures are discussed, the authors work with “the assumption that pastors have influence over a substantial share of the American public.” To nuance their study, they also pay attention to the differences in context and culture that affect the power of churches. While “[p]astors can influence their congregations through overt political messages in sermons from the pulpit… this is unlikely to be the primary way they guide congregants politically.” Different religious bodies and their leaders pick very different fields in which they seek to effect change.

Readers who paint with broad brushes, skipping the subtleties, may come away from reading the survey tempted to paraphrase Emmett Grogan’s dictum that “anything anybody can say about America[n religion] is true.” But, if they look closer up, they will find what astute politicians and marketers know: one cannot treat religion as a whole, but only in parts, as the Supreme Court regularly does. In this case, churches may not define us as they once did, yet religious clusters of many sorts, including these, do influence political choice, as this survey demonstrates anew.

Resources

- Carter, Joe. “Are pastors particularly partisan?” Acton Institute. June 15, 2017.

- Green, Emma. “Clergy Are More Partisan Than Their Parishioners.” The Atlantic. June 12, 2017.

- Hersh, Eitan D., and Gabrielle Malina. “Partisan Pastor: The Politics of 130,000 American Religious Leaders.” June 11, 2017.

- Mattingly, Terry. “Joe Carter takes closer look at that New York Times coverage of partisan pastors.” GetReligion. June 25, 2017.

- Quealy, Kevin. “Your Rabbi? Probably a Democrat. Your Baptist Pastor? Probably a Republican. Your Priest? Who Knows.” The New York Times. June 12, 2017.
Author, Martin E. Marty, is the Fairfax M. Cone Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus of the History of Modern Christianity at the University of Chicago Divinity School. His biography, publications, and contact information can be found at www.memarty.com.
Sightings: Religion in Public Life is edited by Brett Colasacco, a PhD candidate in Religion, Literature, and Visual Culture at the University of Chicago Divinity School.
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We are interested in 500-1000 word pieces relating to religion in the modern world. Most of our pieces respond to a news item, placing the event or trend in context of its history and other relevant background, and analyzing its media coverage.

Send queries or completed essays to the editor at sightings@uchicago.edu.
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