Wednesday, April 17, 2013

Evangelicals Change and Make Changes -- Sightings (Martin Marty)

I am by background an evangelical.  I'm a graduate of an Evangelical seminary -- with an M.Div. and a Ph.D.  I may stand to the left of my alma mater on some issues, but the deep commitment to rooting my faith in the biblical text has not left me.  Evangelicalism is not a monolithic entity, and we make a mistake when we speak of them in monolithic terms.  

Martin Marty is one who has long observed Evangelicals, and knows how to read them (us -- I'm just on the left end of the group -- okay I'm now post-liberal . . .).  I invite you to read Marty's comments and offer your own thoughts on the issues of climate change, immigration, and gay marriage.  


Sightings 
Sightings
Evangelicals Change and Make Changes
by Martin E. Marty
Monday |  April 15 2013
The familiar “Protestant-Catholic-Jew” mantra no longer defines American religion. Politicians, bloggers, statisticians, and demographers now conventionally add “Evangelical” to the classifying. When Will Herberg wrote the canonical book Protestant-Catholic-Jew in the mid-fifties, Evangelicals appeared to be marginal at best. In recent decades they make the news more often and they are more exploited by and influential among politicians and public life than are the many breeds of Protestants. Let’s look in on the Evangelicals.

Quite properly, much of the news and notice about them is explicitly religious, churchly. But in public life they were long most useful to politicians and news-people on easily-grabbed issues such as “contraception” and “abortion.” Today, contraception largely drops off the argument-charts. Catholic bishops make a strong stand against it, but with 90% of their “faithful” being faithless or other-faithed on the issue, look elsewhere. Anti-abortion is a much more complex case, and we’ll save it for another day.

Let’s look at how thoughtful Evangelicals change and make changes on three key issues: climate change, immigration, and gay marriage.

If readers think Evangelicals are changing because they stopped paying attention to the Bible, they don’t know evangelicals. But something happened that has occasioned re-reading. On this score, I think (often) of a Groucho Marx line: “Well, who you gonna believe, me or your own eyes?”

First: climate change. Their “own eyes” focused on melting ice caps and a thousand other visual and measurable climate signals, Evangelicals are rereading their scriptures (re: “the doctrine of creation” and “stewardship”) and they see something different than the old-school scripturalists thought was God’s only word. They now often lead on this front.

Number Two is immigration. One might be cynical and say that the anti-immigration stance of Evangelicals is softening because they “believe their own eyes.” Which means: they seek a better reputation on this issue. But, along Groucho lines, they also “believe their own eyes” when they look, are dumbfounded, and are then motivated to change attitudes about the plight and agony of “illegal aliens” and so many others. And they also believe their own eyes when they look at their scriptures, which put the need of the strangers, exiles, aliens, and newcomers first as bidders for consideration and change. The Wall Street Journal (April 9) front-paged “Evangelicals Push Immigration Path,” and documented the changes.

Thirdly, gay marriage. Evangelicals are not as far along on their rereading of this one. The main organized resistance comes from some—by-no-means-all—African American pastors, some of them allied with Catholic leaders (whose church members are also changing). Not much happened as long as resistance was grounded in what they saw or had portrayed to them as participation in “the gay life style.” Change is coming, as many Evangelicals and others “believe their own eyes” and recognize devoted gay couples standing at the communion table, participating in church leadership, and being responsible parents—their status legally reinforced or not—while “the heterosexual life style” in many manifestations is trashing the institution of marriage. And there is rereading of scriptures by many Evangelicals who, they will tell you, are placing stewardship and love before law and beyond convention. Their “own eyes” lead them to believe what they see and hear from consecrated couples, some of them their relatives and admired friends.

References

Miriam Jordan, “Evangelicals Push Immigration Path,” Wall Street Journal, April 8, 2013.

Bill Keller, “About the Children,” The New York Times, April 7, 2013.

Rich Miller, "Black Pastors hit Gay Marriage," Chicago Sun-times, April 12, 2013.

Bret Stephens, “A Conservative Case for Gay Marriage,” Wall Street Journal, April 9, 2013.

Juhem Navarro-Rivera, “The Political Potential of Evangélicos,” Public Religion Research Institute, April 10, 2013.

Laura Washington, "Gay Marriage Foes Reek of Hypocrisy," Chicago Sun-times, April 9, 2013.

Author Martin E. Marty is the Fairfax M. Cone Distinguished Service Professor Emeritus of the History of Modern Christianity at the Divinity School. His biography, publications, and contact information can be found at biography, publications, and contact information can be found at www.memarty.com.

Editor Myriam Renaud is a PhD Candidate in Theology at the Divinity School of the University of Chicago. She is also a 2012-13 Junior Fellow in the Martin Marty Center.


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